相信每个项目都会有用户反馈建议等功能,这个实现的方法很多,下面是我实现的方法,供大家交流。首先看具体界面,三个字段。名字,邮箱为选填,可以为空,建议不能为空。如有需要可以给我留言。
 
下面贴出布局代码,这里用到一个<include layout="@layout/uphead">就是把另外一个布局文件引入到这个布局中。

复制代码 代码如下:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:background="@color/bg_gray" >
<include layout="@layout/uphead"/>
<!-- Name Label -->
<TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="名字(选填)"
android:paddingLeft="10dip"
android:paddingRight="10dip"
android:textColor="@color/coffee"
android:paddingTop="10dip"
android:textSize="12sp"/>
<!-- Input Name -->
<EditText android:id="@+id/inputName"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_margin="5dip"
android:layout_marginBottom="15dip"
android:singleLine="true"/>
<!-- Price Label -->
<TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="邮箱(选填)"
android:paddingLeft="10dip"
android:paddingRight="10dip"
android:textColor="@color/coffee"
android:paddingTop="10dip"
android:textSize="12sp"/>
<!-- Input Price -->
<EditText android:id="@+id/inputEmail"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_margin="5dip"
android:layout_marginBottom="15dip"
android:singleLine="true"/>
<!-- Description Label -->
<TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="建议(必填)"
android:paddingLeft="10dip"
android:paddingRight="10dip"
android:paddingTop="10dip"
android:textColor="@color/coffee"
android:textSize="12sp"/>
<!-- Input description -->
<EditText android:id="@+id/inputDesc"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_margin="5dip"
android:layout_marginBottom="15dip"
android:lines="4"
android:gravity="top"/>
<!-- Button Create Product -->
<Button android:id="@+id/btnCreateProduct"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="提交"
android:textSize="20sp"
android:textColor="@color/coffee"
/>
</LinearLayout>


下面贴出uphead的布局代码,里面用到一个TextView,一个Button为返回按钮。

复制代码 代码如下:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="50dp"
android:background="@drawable/top" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv_head"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_centerInParent="true"
android:shadowColor="#ff000000"
android:shadowDx="2"
android:shadowDy="0"
android:shadowRadius="1"
android:text=""
android:textColor="@color/white"
android:textSize="18sp"
android:textStyle="bold" />
<Button
android:id="@+id/upback"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
android:layout_centerVertical="true"
android:layout_marginLeft="17dp"
android:drawableLeft="@id/tv_head"
android:background="@drawable/back" />
</RelativeLayout>


下面贴出android客户端代码,三个类,一个用于与服务器交互发送post请求,以及json的传递。还有一个Dailog实例。

复制代码 代码如下:


package com.android.up;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import com.android.MainActivity;
import com.android.R;
import com.anroid.net.DialogUtil;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.TextView;
public class up extends Activity {
// Progress Dialog
private ProgressDialog pDialog;
private TextView tv_head;
JSONParser jsonParser = new JSONParser();
EditText inputName;
EditText inputEmail;
EditText inputDesc;
Button upback;
// url to create new product
private static String url_up = "http://10.0.2.2/up/up.php";//此处写的是你的服务器端的地址
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.up);
tv_head = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.tv_head);
tv_head.setText("建议");
// Edit Text
inputName = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.inputName);
inputEmail = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.inputEmail);
inputDesc = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.inputDesc);
upback = (Button)findViewById(R.id.upback);
upback.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
Intent back = new Intent(up.this,MainActivity.class);
back.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
startActivity(back);
up.this.finish();
}
});
// Create button
Button btnCreateProduct = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnCreateProduct);
// button click event
btnCreateProduct.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View view) {
// creating new product in background thread
if(validate()){
new Up().execute();
}
}
});
}
private boolean validate()
{
String description = inputDesc.getText().toString().trim();
if (description.equals(""))
{
DialogUtil.showDialog(this, "您还没有填写建议", false);
return false;
}
return true;
}
/**
* Background Async Task to Create new product
* */
class Up extends AsyncTask<String, String, String> {
/**
* Before starting background thread Show Progress Dialog
* */
@Override
protected void onPreExecute() {
super.onPreExecute();
pDialog = new ProgressDialog(up.this);
pDialog.setMessage("正在上传..");
pDialog.setIndeterminate(false);
pDialog.setCancelable(true);
pDialog.show();
}
/**
* Creating product
* */
protected String doInBackground(String... args) {
String name = inputName.getText().toString();
String price = inputEmail.getText().toString();
String description = inputDesc.getText().toString();
// Building Parameters
List<NameValuePair> params = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
params.add(new BasicNameValuePair("name", name));
params.add(new BasicNameValuePair("email", price));
params.add(new BasicNameValuePair("description", description));
// getting JSON Object
// Note that create product url accepts POST method
try{
JSONObject json = jsonParser.makeHttpRequest(url_up,
"POST", params);
}catch(Exception e){
e.printStackTrace();
}
// check for success tag
return null;
}
/**
* After completing background task Dismiss the progress dialog
* **/
protected void onPostExecute(String file_url) {
pDialog.setMessage("上传成功");
pDialog.dismiss();

}
}
}


下面贴出Dailog实例类

复制代码 代码如下:


/**
*
*/
package com.anroid.net;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnClickListener;
import android.view.View;
import android.app.Activity;
public class DialogUtil
{
// 定义一个显示消息的对话框
public static void showDialog(final Context ctx
, String msg , boolean closeSelf)
{
// 创建一个AlertDialog.Builder对象
AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(ctx)
.setMessage(msg).setCancelable(false);
if(closeSelf)
{
builder.setPositiveButton("确定", new OnClickListener()
{
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
{
// 结束当前Activity
((Activity)ctx).finish();
}
});
}
else
{
builder.setPositiveButton("确定", null);
}
builder.create().show();
}
// 定义一个显示指定组件的对话框
public static void showDialog(Context ctx , View view)
{
AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(ctx)
.setView(view).setCancelable(false)
.setPositiveButton("确定", null);
builder.create()
.show();
}
}


剩下就是如何与服务器端交互了不多说,代码如下

复制代码 代码如下:


package com.android.up;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.List;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HTTP;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import android.util.Log;
public class JSONParser {
static InputStream is = null;
static JSONObject jObj = null;
static String json = "";
// constructor
public JSONParser() {
}
// function get json from url
// by making HTTP POST
public JSONObject makeHttpRequest(String url, String method,
List<NameValuePair> params) {
// Making HTTP request
try {
// request method is POST
// defaultHttpClient
DefaultHttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);
httpPost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(params,HTTP.UTF_8));
HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
is = httpEntity.getContent();
} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
try {
BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
is, "UTF-8"));
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
String line = null;
while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
sb.append(line + "\n");
}
is.close();
json = sb.toString();
} catch (Exception e) {
Log.e("Buffer Error", "Error converting result " + e.toString());
Log.d("json", json.toString());
}
// try parse the string to a JSON object
try {
jObj = new JSONObject(json);
} catch (JSONException e) {
Log.e("JSON Parser", "Error parsing data " + e.toString());
}
// return JSON String
return jObj;
}
}


到此android客户端已经完成,后天服务器端用php+mysql实现,当然这里只是个实例,存取到数据库里面,没有进行展示,代码如下

复制代码 代码如下:


<?php
// array for JSON response
$response = array();
include("conn.php");
// check for required fields
if (isset($_POST['name']) && isset($_POST['email']) && isset($_POST['description'])) {
$name = $_POST['name'];
$price = $_POST['email'];
$description = $_POST['description'];
$result = mysql_query("INSERT INTO up(name, email, description) VALUES('$name', '$email', '$description')");
echo $result;
// check if row inserted or not
if ($result) {
// successfully inserted into database
$response["success"] = 1;
$response["message"] = "Product successfully created.";
// echoing JSON response
echo json_encode($response);
} else {
// failed to insert row
$response["success"] = 0;
$response["message"] = "Oops! An error occurred.";
// echoing JSON response
echo json_encode($response);
}
} else {
// required field is missing
$response["success"] = 0;
$response["message"] = "Required field(s) is missing";
// echoing JSON response
echo json_encode($response);
}
?>


数据库表结构如下,连接数据库代码就不贴出了,记得把编码设置为UTF-8就行了。

到此就完成了一个用户反馈的基本功能,后台数据里展示。

 

稳定

产品可用性高于99.9%

贴心

全国7*24小时客服热线

专业

产品经理在线技术支持

快速

快速上线运营快

承诺

我们选择声誉

坚持

10年专注高端品质开发
  • 返回顶部